Electronic Resources — United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Final Solution - Wikipedia
sep 1941 the jager report (issued on 1 dec 1941) noted that 337 adult male, 687 adult female, and 247 children, all jews, were killed in vilnius, lithuania for a total of 1,271 people. one of the first concentration camps built was at buchenwald, while the ghettos in poland were widely known. sep 1944 british foreign secretary anthony eden responded to chaim weizmann's 6 jul 1944 request, rejecting weizmann's request to bomb rail lines leading to auschwitz concentration camp in poland. nov 1942 about 600 dutch jews and 977 german jews from berlin were gassed at the auschwitz concentration camp. jun 1936 esterwegen concentration camp in germany was closed to be converted to be a punishment camp; prisoners of esterwegen were ordered to build the sachsenhausen concentration camp. dec 1937 german national ministry of the interior provided legal means for the police to commit criminals to concentration camps directly. describes the creation of the extermination camps, which were responsible for the largest number of deaths in the final solution, as bringing together three separate developments within the third reich: the concentration camps which had been established in germany since 1933; an expansion of the gassing technology of the nazi euthanasia programme to provide killing mechanism of greater efficiency and psychological detachment; and the creation of "factories of death" to be fed endless streams of victims by mass uprooting and deportation that utilized the experience and personnel from earlier population resettlement programmes—especially the hsspf and adolf eichmann's rsha for "jewish affairs and evacuations". feb 1943 the german central construction office (bauleitung) reported that it could not meet the deadline for the construction of crematorium ii at auschwitz concentration camp due to the fact that, of the 500 masons requested, only 30 were available. may 1942 the newspaper new york times published an article in an inside page that germans had killed 100,000 jews in the baltic states, 100,000 in poland, and 200,000 in russia. sep 1941 the german authorities in paris, france issued a decree that stated that any french man concealing or assisting a british airman would be shot, and any woman would be sent to a concentration camp. cody says:2 mar 2017 04:56:19 pm'on 20 jan 1942, adolf hitler signed into an official policy the complete elimination of european jews at a conference in a villa at wannsee, with the responsibility given to reinhard heydrich. apr 1942 norwegian lutheran bishop eivind berggrav, having been arrested by the german occupation administration in norway for resistance on the previous day, was sent to the bredtvet concentration camp. dec 1944 150 female prisoners of auschwitz concentration camp were employed in the demolition squad (abbruchkommando), working on the demolition of crematorium iii. retrieved 9 february 2016 – via direct download 873 kb from the internet archive. has three jewish cemeteries, located on badescu, turzii, and somului strets., there are poignant reminders of romania's jewish heritage and roots. feb 1942 passenger ship struma, powerless with broken-down engines, drifted in the black sea after being abandoned by turkish authorities on the previous day. apr 1940 the first guarded jewish ghetto was established at lodz, poland; it was later sealed off with 230,000 jews inside. located on synagogues street (so dubbed because of the many synagogues once found here) in the old jewish neighborhood of targu cucului, the synagogue was built in an eclectic style with strong late baroque influences. "statistical report on the "final solution," known as the korherr report of 23 march 1943" (pdf). those who were not able to keep up but survived were rounded up and sent to block 25 in the bia sector of the camp, from which location they would later be transported to the gas chambers.^ "protocol of conference on the final solution (endlösung) of the jewish question" (pdf).. anonymous says:1 jul 2014 04:05:47 am"majdanek was burned in attempt to mask its presence as the germans retreated from the region but the remains of gas chambers were evident. nov 1942 25 jewish professional watchmakers were transferred from majdanek concentration camp to auschwitz concentration camp; they were later transferred to sachsenhausen concentration camp where they would work in a workshop to sort and repair watches stolen from killed jews for use by german troops. apr 1943 the german inspector of concentration camps ordered that only the mentally ill prisoners could be gassed via the aktion t-4 euthaniasia program. the japanese were just as bad and allied troops from all over the world should be told how they treated by them, starved and worked to death. dec 1939 german ss organization decreed that polish workers who left their workplace without permission were to be arrested and sent to concentration camps. mar 1942 in aktion reinhard, jews from lublin, poland were sent to the nearby belzec concentration camp. feb 1944 39 polish boys between the age of 13 to 17 originally from the zamosc region were brought from auschwitz ii-birkenau to block 20 at auschwitz i. nov 1942 two transports containing a total of 2,500 jews from ciechanow ghettos, poland arrived at auschwitz concentration camp; 633 men and 135 were registered into the camp, and the remaining 1,732 were killed in gas chambers. jul 1943 polish political prisoner heinz radomski was executed in the washroom of block 11 at the auschwitz concentration camp in poland. by the time the mass killings of operation reinhard ended in 1943 roughly two million jews in the german-occupied poland have been murdered. aug 1944 zigeunernacht ("gypsy night"): 4,000 roma were killed and cremated at auschwitz concentration camp.: we hope that visitor conversations at ww2db will be constructive and thought-provoking. of the jewish national home in palestine: the einsatzkommando of the panzer army africa, 1942 by klaus-michael mallmann and martin cüppers. before world war ii, the local community numbered close to 8,000, though most left for israel at the onset of war. nov 1943 during the german aktion erntefest, jewish prisoners were beginning to be massacred at trawniki, poniatowa, and majdanek concentration camps; when the aktion was completed on the following day, 42,000 would be dead. jan 1941 german leaders himmler and heydrich categorized concentration camps into three categories for different types of prisoners, but in practice this categorization had little actual effect. war ii ghettos in nazi-occupied europe; jewish ghettos in german-occupied poland and the soviet union. of concentration camps and the holocaust timeline22 feb 1933 initial plans were made for a detention camp in oranienburg, germany. apr 1945 in germany, troops of us 157th and 122nd infantry regiments executed 165 german ss prisoners of war at dachau concentration camp and the hamlet of weling to the southwest before a colonel intervened. jan 1944 at auschwitz concentration camp, ss doctor eduard wirths notified fellow medical officers at auschwitz iii-monowitz that, as of this date, corpses of deceased prisoners should be identified and then sent directly to the crematoria, bypassing the previous procedure of sending the corpses to the morgue at auschwitz i and auschwitz ii-birkenau first. meanwhile, bulgarian troops arrested 7,100 macedonian jews and deported them to the new skopje concentration camp in yugoslavia. even after ww2, the pocket oxford dictionary still grossly defined the word "jew" as the following:1. apr 1945 on this day and the next, 423 danish jews were transferred from the theresienstadt concentration camp in occupied czechoslovakia back to their home country via trucks hired by the swedish red cross. mar 1942 jews from the lublin ghetto in occupied poland were deported to belzec, majdanek, and other concentration camps. sep 1939 german troops burned 200 jews alive in a synagogue and executed 30 jews in the public square in bedzin, poland. mar 1942 1,200 sick prisoners from the hospital within auschwitz i camp who were judged as not able to recover were transferred to the bib sector of birkenau camp, where they were killed. nov 1933 the first non-political prisoners were sent to concentration camps in germany. jan 1942 a transport of 1,005 jews departed from theresienstadt concentration camp in occupied czechoslovakia for locations in eastern europe. sep 1944 nazi german ss doctors conducted a selection in the infirmaries of auschwitz concentration camp in occupied poland. jan 1943 three transports arrived at auschwitz concentration camp, each containing 1,210 german jews from berlin (1,083 of them were sent directly to the gas chambers), 750 dutch jews (88 men and 101 women were registered, and the remaining 561 were gassed), and 2,000 jews of zambrw ghetto in poland (148 men and 50 women were registered, and the remaining 1,802 were gassed). though the joint declaration was front page news in dec 1942, the treatment of the jews was still not widely known to the general public."we jews are going to bring a war on germany. sep 1941 experimental trials of gas chambers at block ii of auschwitz concentration camp in poland began, using soviet prisoners of war as test subjects. 5 women were registered into the camp; 12,669 were sent to the gas chambers. this figure included not only jews residing in axis-controlled europe, but also the jewish populations of the united kingdom, and of neutral nations (switzerland, ireland, sweden, spain, portugal, and european turkey). sep 1944 a transport with 2,500 jews arrived at auschwitz concentration camp from the lodz ghetto in occupied poland; about 80% of this transport were children between 13 and 16 years of age. their french passports were confiscated, and they would eventually be deported to the drancy concentration camp and later to various concentration camps in germany and eastern europe. in 1941, wrote raul hilberg, in the first phase of the mass murder of jews, the mobile killing units began to pursue their victims across occupied eastern territories; in the second phase, stretching across all of german-occupied europe, the jewish victims were sent on death trains to centralized extermination camps built for the purpose of systematic implementation of the final solution. dec 1941 94 soviet prisoners of war and 23 political prisoners died in auschwitz concentration camp. after an incident in bila tserkva in which 90 small children left behind had to be shot separately, blobel requested that jewish mothers hold them in their arms during mass shootings. i accept that the united nations did not exist as the forum that we k now of in post-war times and perhaps this is also indicative of a lack of priority as it was an embryonic organisation with no powers. i'm referring to the evacuation of the jews, the extermination of the jewish people. feb 1942 turkish troops boarded the disabled passenger ship struma at istanbul, turkey; struma had departed romania in dec 1941 with 769 romanian jewish refugees on board and had been at istanbul for two months..Housed in the magnificently preserved great synagogue (1850) in the city's historically jewish neighborhood, this museum traces the history of romania's jewish population. of the millions of people dead of the holocaust, i've heard just under half of them were not jewish - for instance, the roma gypsy people were almost wiped out completely. some 18 synagogues and small hasidic prayer rooms were in use before world war ii, the majority of them taken down during the 1950s' communist "urban renewal" period. apr 1945 15,000 prisoners of buchenwald concentration camp in germany were evacuated by german authorities. this policy of deliberate and systematic genocide across german-occupied europe was formulated in procedural terms by nazi leadership in january 1942 at the wannsee conference near berlin, and culminated in the holocaust which saw the killing of 90 percent of polish jewry, and two-thirds of the jewish population of europe.. david stubblebine says:16 mar 2014 08:12:30 pmto anonymous of comment #51:Who says america and britain sent back ships of jewish escapees? from 1949 to 1964, iaşi was also home to a second company of the state jewish theater. on the same date, a transport of 500 prisoners was sent from stutthof concentration camp to neuengamme concentration camp. i think these people in the photos are passing away and the anti-semetic rhetoric that the camps never existed,come back every once and a while, we must never let these people who were murdered by the german nazi population.. ileavazan says:1 jul 2014 04:17:29 amyou will never publsh my post but i'm sure millions knoaw that all this is one big bs zionist propaganda made by the "big three" who in a reality come up with the holohoax in order to cover up their own crimes ageinst the humanity. mar 1944 about 300 jewish women and children of split, yugoslavia were rounded up, sent to jasenovac concentration camp, and killed. feb 1945 the rsha transported approximately 1,200 jews from theresienstadt concentration camp in occupied czechoslovakia to switzerland. while some concentration camps lacked toilets for their prisoners, krupp had them, but some of the slaves were not allowed to use them; to make the jewish slaves feel that they were sub-human as dictated by nazi ideology, they were forced to squat outside factories and bunkers to relieve themselves, in full view of passers by."the israeli people around the world declare economic and financial war against germany. most of those deported were sent to treblinka, majdanek, or auschwitz concentration camps. on the same day, the first jewish ghetto was established in lublin, poland. oct 1941 the jager report (issued on 1 dec 1941) noted that 432 adult male, 1,115 adult female, and 436 children, all jews, were killed in vilnius, lithuania for a total of 1,983 people. "goering orders heydrich to prepare the plan for the final solution of the jewish problem". jun 1942 auschwitz concentration camp's bunker ii, the second gas chamber, became operational. introduced at the end of 1937, the "final solution of the gypsy question" entailed roundups, expulsions, and incarceration of romani in concentration camps built at dachau, buchenwald, flossenbürg, mauthausen, natzweiler, ravensbruck, taucha and westerbork until this point in time. smaller, built in 1882, still serves the local jewish community, which currently numbers around 500 members and is one of the most active in the country. world war ii, eight synagogues served the local jewish community. the third was from malkinia, poland with about 2,500 jews; 524 were registered and about 1,976 were gassed. jun 1942 polish prisoners of auschwitz concentration camp kazimierz piechowski, stanislaw gustaw jaster, jzef lempart, and eugeniusz bendera broke into a ss store room and stole uniforms and weapons and then made their escape from the concentration camp in disguise. jan 1943 german inspector of concentration camps advised camp commandants to reduce rate of death for camp prisoners; however, camp doctors were given orders to kill the sick and the debilitated. it is estimated that until july 1944 approximately 320,000 hungarian jews were gassed at birkenau in less than eight weeks. the łachwa ghetto uprising was suppressed on 3 september 1942, the częstochowa ghetto uprising on 30 june 1943, the sosnowiec ghetto uprising on 3 august 1943, and the białystok ghetto uprising on 17 august 1943. may 1944 hungarian jews began to be deported to auschwitz concentration camp in occupied poland. anonymous says:31 jan 2010 07:00:54 pmit's hard to think what happened to the jews and so many people in the holocaust. aug 1938 adolf hitler ordered that, in time of war, guard duties of concentration camps would be carried out by older members of the general ss; ss members older than the age of 45 began training for guard duties shortly after.
ROMANIA Jewish Heritage - Travel and Tourism Information
first jews settled in oradea as early as the 15th century, making oradea the site of one of the oldest and most important jewish communities. mar 1943 greek jews from salonika and thrace were deported to concentration camps. nov 1943 jews in northern italy were ordered to be sent to concentration camps. oct 1943 german artist charlotte salomon, who had married a french jew, was deported from drancy concentration camp in paris, france for auschwitz concentration camp in poland. the museum also contains a large collection of jewish ritual objects from romania, collected by rabbi moses rosen (1912–1994), the late chief rabbi of romanian jewry. a report dated on this date noted that the total number of prisoners in auschwitz i and auschwitz ii-birkenau concentration camps and all subcamps was 54,673 men and 33,179 women, for the total of 87,852 prisoners. oct 1935 as a reaction to criticism from the german justice department on the increasing number of "unnatural deaths" in concentration camps, the gestapo released behavior guidelines for the guards during this month. before long, the slaves from concentration camps were wearing clothing made of burlap and wooden clogs. aware of the nazi policy of exterminating jews from europe, krupp suggested "extermination through work" to hitler some time in 1942. after the anschluss with austria in 1938, special offices were established in vienna and berlin to "facilitate" jewish emigration without covert plans for their forthcoming annihilation. mar 1943 crematorium 2 began operation at auschwitz concentration camp in occupied poland. dec 1942 concentration camp doctors at birkenau began sterilization experiments on female prisoners.. anonymous says:25 jul 2009 07:53:51 amwe must never agian let this happen18. the second transport from grodno ghetto arrived with 1,000 jews; 178 men and 60 women were registered into the camp, and the remaining 762 were gassed. oct 1943 a transport of prisoners from bergen-belsen concentration camp arrived at gas chamber ii of auschwitz concentration camp. jan 1943 a transport of 750 dutch jews departed from westerbork concentration camp in the netherlands for sobibr concentration camp in poland.» combined fleet » ijn signals and doctrine » russian retrospective » tully's port forum » ww2 file blog. dec 1941 the two crematoria of auschwitz concentration camp that was inactivated on 20 nov for service were reactivated. hague, netherlands — dutch police have sent two pieces of soap purportedly dating back to world war ii for forensic tests to establish if they contain remains of jews murdered in the holocaust — reacting to rumors that scholars largely dismiss as myth. nov 1942 the american newspaper new york times published an announcement on page ten by rabbi wise about the slaughter of two million jews. the list of 394 prisoners killed on this day was stolen and smuggled to the resistance leader in auschwitz i camp, who sent the list on to krakow, poland on 21 nov and then to london, england, united kingdom. it was in camps like chelmno that between eight to eleven million jews, jehovah's witnesses, prisoners of war, roma, sinti, the disabled, homosexuals, political dissidents, and communists were murdered.. steve mccarthy says:4 dec 2011 11:13:33 am21 april 1945 - members of the 386th brigade, 97th infantry, liberate flossenberg38. i lived in germany for 3 1/2 years in the late 1970s. mar 1945 prisoners at hinzert satellite camp of buchenwald concentration camp were evacuated. oct 1939 the first deportation of austrian and czechoslovakian jews into concentration camps in poland took place. dec 1943 as of this date, auschwitz concentration camp had a population of 85,298 prisoners (55,785 men and 29,513 women)." on 20 jan 1942, adolf hitler signed into an official policy the complete elimination of european jews at a conference in a villa at wannsee, with the responsibility given to reinhard heydrich. jan 1935 the gestapo prison columbia-haus in berlin, germany became a concentration camp. sep 1943 5,006 jews from the theresienstadt ghetto in czechoslovakia arrived at the newly created familienlager-theresienstadt family camp in sector biib of auschwitz ii-birkenau concentration camp in poland. jul 1944 mikls horthy suspended the deportation of hungarian jews to concentration camps. mar 1943 the 32nd transport from berlin, germany arrived at auschwitz concentration camp in poland in two trains, totaling 1,758 german jews and 158 norwegian jews. believes that the "final solution as it is now understood—the systematic attempt to murder every last jew within the german grasp" took shape during a five-week period, from 18 september to 25 october 1941. apr 1940 chief of the german ss organization heinrich himmler gave the order to convert the 22 former artillery barrack buildings at oswiecim, poland into a concentration camp, later to be more commonly known by its german name, auschwitz. jun 1944 a major deportation began at the jewish ghetto at lodz, poland; through 14 jul 1944, 7,196 would be sent to chelmno concentration camp where they would be killed. jun 1940 the gestapo organization took control of the theresienstadt fortress in occupied czechoslovakia and began its conversion into a concentration camp. 500 jews came out from hiding to register and were sent to treblinka concentration camp where they were gassed. mar 1946 at camp tomato in minden, germany, rudolf hss confessed to having supervised the murder of countless jews at auschwitz concentration camp in occupied poland. it is believed that the last jew to have lived in siret passed away in 2000. i worked for a jewish company for 20 years in the 1970's and meet many of the survivors i saw the tattoo's on the arms of those survivors. mar 1943 a group of greek jews were deported to auschwitz-birkenau concentration camp in poland. ukraine differs from other parts of the nazi-occupied soviet union, whereas the local administrators have formed the hilfsverwaltung in support of extermination policies in 1941 and 1942, and in providing assistance for the deportations to camps in germany mainly in 1942 and 1943. the total number of people killed in 1942 in lublin/majdanek, bełżec, sobibór, and treblinka was 1,274,166 by germany's own estimation, not counting auschwitz ii birkenau nor kulmhof. there were 87 children, 407 men and women under the age of 50 and 207 older people. dec 1943 a transport of 55 berlin jews arrived at auschwitz concentration camp in poland. jun 1944 the administration of the crematoriums in auschwitz ii-birkenau concentration camp ordered four sieves from the manufacturing firm deutsche ausrstungswerke (daw) to sift through human ashes. today, the small remaining community is served by the only standing synagogue, the great synagogue, built in the 19th century on the site of the town's first synagogue from 1792. the evacuation of kaiserwald concentration camp outside of riga, latvia began. apr 1942 a large group of polish artists and actors were arrested by the germans in the artists' cafe in krakow, poland. the world war is here and the annihilation of the jews must be the necessary consequence. apr 1945 in occupied czechoslovakia, international red cross representatives visited the theresienstadt concentration camp. 284 men and 23 women were registered into the camp; the remaining 896 were sent to a gas chamber. oct 1942 from dachau concentration camp in germany, sigmund rascher reported his findings from experiments involving putting concentration camp prisoners in full flight suits and placing them in freezing conditions, concluding that the warming of the subjects' heads and necks were vital for the subjects' survival. 6,000 of them were sent to drancy concentration camp camp located just outside the city, while the other 6,000 were detained at the vlodrome d'hiver stadium where they had to share one water tap and ten toilets. oct 1942 auschwitz-bound prisoners in the sachsenhausen concentration camp in germany staged a revolt that resulted in failure. louis with jewish refugees from germany denied entry to cuba, canada, and the united states in mid 1939. jan 1944 several hundred spanish jews arrested in greece and imprisoned at bergen-belsen concentration camp were returned to spain. oct 1942 heinrich himmler ordered that all jews in concentration camps in germany were to be transferred to auschwitz or majdanek concentration camps. apr 1945 american troops began arriving at buchenwald concentration camp near weimar, germany.. david stubblebine says:22 jan 2015 06:32:45 pmwojciech:The story and the full text of the declaration was a front page item of the jan 18, 1942 new york times. jan 1937 heinrich himmler disclosed that about 8,000 prisoners were in concentration camps across germany for protective custody. after world war ll he himself emigrated to israel, settled in haifa, and established a yeshiva there. jul 1942 a group of jews from berlin, germany were sent to theresienstadt concentration camp in occupied czechoslovakia. oct 1943 1,196 polish jewish children originally from the liquidated bialystok ghetto in poland were transferred from theresienstadt concentration camp in occupied czechoslovakia to auschwitz concentration camp in occupied poland. mar 1933 oranienburg north of berlin, germany became the site of the first german concentration camp. aug 1944 the neutral turkish ship, mefkure, sailing from romania to istanbul, turkey with 325 passengers, mainly jews fleeing from romania, poland and hungary, was torpedoed, shelled and sunk by an unidentified submarine, believed to be the soviet submarine sc-215.. anonymous says:28 dec 2013 11:28:56 amthis will sound unbelievable but i met an elderly gentlemen in tracks,as we both bent to buy cat food,we spoke of our love of our pets and ended up talking of when he helped liberate austwitz what he told me haunts me to this day. sep 1942 a transport containing 610 jews arrived at auschwitz concentration camp from the westerbork camp in the netherlands; 37 men and 118 women were registered into the camp, and the remaining 454 were gassed. 999 of the 1,214 jews were sent to the gas chambers upon arrival; only 166 men and 49 women were registered into the camp. given that poland was home to the largest jewish population in the world, and that in a couple of years it would house the extermination camps, this is remarkable. aug 1943 1,260 polish jewish children from the liquidated bialystok ghetto in poland arrived at theresienstadt concentration camp in occupied czechoslovakia. oct 1940 german governor-general of occupied poland hans frank ordered 138,000 jews in warsaw to move into the city's ghetto. the jewish community of brasov was officially founded 19 years later, followed by the first jewish school in 1864 and the building of the synagogue (address: str. dec 1941 isopescu, the romanian governor of golta, transnistria, romania (now pervomaisk, ukraine), ordered the execution of jews at bogdanovka concentration camp. nov 1940 the first execution by shooting took place at auschwitz concentration camp; 40 men from katowice, poland were shot between 0000 and 0020 hours by ss men in retaliation of assault on a police official. several tombstones dating from 1677 discovered here provide strong evidence of an old jewish community in the area. tombs from the late 19th and early 20th centuries can be seen in the newer jewish cemetery (address: str. apr 1944 the emsland concentration camps in germany established the kommandos nord (department north), which began to construct concentration camps in norway north of the arctic circle; 1,404 prisoners were transferred there when completed. in response, the ss guards executed 20 prisoners by firing squad and sent 300 prisoners from the penal company in the gas chamber. oct 1941 the jager report (issued on 1 dec 1941) noted that 1,169 adult male, 1,840 adult female, and 717 children, all jews, were killed in svenciany, lithuania for a total of 3,726 people. meanwhile, the rosenstrasse protest began in berlin by women who had married jewish men. jul 1944 five trains carrying 14,212 hungarian jews (3,065 from monor, 3,072 from buda, 3,072 from budakalsz, 3,079 from monor, and 1,924 from bkesmegyer) acrossed the border into occupied poland, destined for auschwitz concentration camp. holocaust by bullets (as opposed to the holocaust by gas) went on in the territory of occupied poland in conjunction with the ghetto uprisings, irrespective of death camps' quota. nov 1942 german government ordered that all jewish forced laborers in the armament industry in germany were to be deported to auschwitz and majdanek camps. jun 1942 the american newspaper new york times published the report from the world jewish congress that the germans had, to date, killed 1,000,000 jews in "vast slaughterhouse for the jews" located in eastern europe. by august 1941 all jewish men, women and children were shot. jan 1944 1,000 jews from stutthof concentration camp arrived at auschwitz concentration camp; 120 men and 134 women were registered into the camp while 746 were gassed upon arrival. jan 1942 heinrich himmler announced his plan to send 100,000 jewish men and 50,000 jewish women to concentration camps for use as forced laborers within the following four weeks. apr 1944 the ss economic and administrative office submitted a report to the supreme command of the german ss organization noting the existence of 20 concentration camps with 165 connected labor camps. sep 1942 burning of bodies in open-air pits began at auschwitz concentration camp. twin-towered synagogue, currently closed down, and a cemetery with hundreds of elaborately decorated old tombstones evoke a former vibrant jewish presence in this northern romanian market town located near the ukrainian border. the operation was followed by the single largest german massacre of jews in the entire war carried out on 3 november 1943; with approximately 43,000 prisoners shot one-by-one simultaneously in three nearby locations by the reserve police battalion 101 hand-in-hand with the trawniki men from ukraine. its first prisoners would be jews recently deported from the ghetto in warsaw. the new gas chambers at bunker i were finished around march 1942 when the final solution was officially launched at belzec. jan 1943 german authorities ordered roma and sinti people across german-occupied europe to be rounded up and sent to concentration camps.