Online dating has its pros and cons meta analysis says

Online dating has its pros and cons

surprisingly, none of the leading theories of therapy contained a core construct representing time.) health behavior and health education: theory, research, and practice (3rd ed.. compared to the hri only group, the mi and ttm groups had significantly more participants in the action stage for exercise and effective stress management and significantly fewer risk behaviors at 6 months.. Prochaska's Stages of Change ground Pro-Change's evidence-based programs, improving well-being, health behavior and wellness across entire populations. in the precontemplation and contemplation stages, temptation to engage in the problem behavior is far greater than self-efficacy to abstain.

Online dating has its pros and cons meta analysis says

majority of at-risk populations are not prepared for action and will not be served by traditional action-oriented prevention programs. those principles include decisional balance, self-efficacy, and processes of change. for example, reduction in the number of cigarettes or switching to low-tar and low-nicotine cigarettes were formerly considered acceptable actions.. variables that were found to significantly moderate the effect included 1) type of comparison condition; 2) health behavior; 3) type of subject population (both type of recruitment and country of sample); 4) type of print material; 5) number of intervention contacts; 6) length of follow-up; 7) number and type-of theoretical concepts tailored on; and 8) whether or not demographics and/or behavior were tailored on. being uninformed or under informed about the consequences of one’s behavior may cause a person to be in the precontemplation stage.

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transtheoretical model (prochaska & diclemente, 1983; prochaska, diclemente, & norcross, 1992) is an integrative, biopsychosocial model to conceptualize the process of intentional behavior change. when an individual is in the precontemplation stage, the pros in favor of behavior change are outweighed by the relative cons for change and in favor of maintaining the existing behavior. the stages of change are useful in explaining when changes in cognition, emotion, and behavior take place, the processes of change help to explain how those changes occur. traditionally, behavior change was often construed as an event, such as quitting smoking, drinking, or overeating. these individuals have a plan of action, such as joining a gym, consulting a counselor, talking to their physician, or relying on a self-change approach.

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. this study was designed to compare the initial efficacy of motivational interviewing (mi), online transtheoretical model (ttm)-tailored communications and a brief health risk intervention (hri) on four health risk factors (inactivity, bmi, stress and smoking) in a worksite sample. transtheoretical model is also based on critical assumptions about the nature of behavior change and population health interventions that can best facilitate such change. this construct reflects the degree of confidence individuals have in maintaining their desired behavior change in situations that often trigger relapse. specifically, programs that tailor on stage do better than those that do not; programs that tailor on pros and cons do better than those that do not; programs that tailor on self-efficacy do better than those that do not, and programs that tailor on processes of change do better than those that do not. are both stable and open to change, just as chronic behavior risk factors are both stable and open to change.

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based on principles developed from over 35 years of scientific research, intervention development, and scores of empirical studies;. transtheoretical model:Uses the stages of change to integrate the most powerful principles and processes of change from leading theories of counseling and behavior change;. these ten processes can be divided into two groups: cognitive and affective experiential processes and behavioral processes. innovative strategies to ensure greater impact on multiple behaviors with fewer demands on patients and providers. the current study provides a meta-analytic review of this literature, with a primary focus on the effects of tailoring.

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. theories focusing mainly on social or biological influences), the ttm seeks to include and integrate key constructs from other theories into a comprehensive theory of change that can be applied to a variety of behaviors, populations, and settings—hence, the name transtheoretical. making was conceptualized by janis and mann (1977) as a decisional “balance sheet” of comparative potential gains and losses. certain principles and processes of change work best at each stage to reduce resistance, facilitate progress, and prevent relapse. the treatment protocol included an hri session for everyone and in addition either a recommended three ttm online sessions or three mi in person or telephone sessions over 6 months. implications of these results are discussed and future directions for research on tailored health messages and interventions are offered.

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as individuals enter the maintenance stage, the pros in favor of maintaining the behavior change should outweigh the cons of maintaining the change in order to decrease the risk of relapse. two components of decisional balance, the pros and the cons, have become core constructs in the transtheoretical model. health initiatives can motivate change by enhancing the understanding of the pros and diminishing the value of the cons. future research will examine the long-term impacts of each treatment, their cost effectiveness, effects on productivity and quality of life and process variables mediating outcomes. is the stage in which people have made specific overt modifications in their lifestyles and are working to prevent relapse; however, they do not apply change processes as frequently as do people in action.

Transtheoretical Model (or Stages of Change) - Health Behavior

in most applications, people have to attain a criterion that scientists and professionals agree is sufficient to reduce risk of disease. the fact is, traditional programs were not ready for such individuals and were not designed to meet their needs. principles and processes of change need to be emphasized at specific stages for progress through the stages to occur. the following set of assumptions drives transtheoretical model theory, research, and practice:Behavior change is a process that unfolds over time through a sequence of stages. they are more aware of the pros of changing, but are also acutely aware of the cons.

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this weighting between the costs and benefits of changing can produce profound ambivalence that can cause people to remain in this stage for long periods of time. those studies, which contained a cumulative n = 58,454, were subsequently meta-analyzed. a 2008 replication study at oregon science and health university also shows program effectiveness; see:Prochaska, j. the stages of change and the dynamic principles and processes of change related to each stage. as individuals move from preparation to action, the disparity between feelings of self-efficacy and temptation closes, and behavior change is attained.

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. this was the first study to demonstrate that mi and online ttm could produce significant multiple behavior changes. if the decisional balance is tipped however, such that the pros in favor of changing outweigh the cons for maintaining the unhealthy behavior, many individuals move to the preparation or even action stage. the results of research funded by over million worth of grants and conducted with over 150,000 research participants; and.. a randomized clinical trial assigned employees to one of three recruitment strategies and one of the three treatments. in a meta-analysis across 48 health risk behaviors, the pros and cons of changing were equal (hall & rossi, 2008).


initial efficacy of mi, ttm tailoring, and hri’s in multiple behaviors for employee health promotion. these ten covert and overt processes need to be implemented to successfully progress through the stages of change and attain the desired behavior change. in the contemplation stage, the pros and cons tend to carry equal weight, leaving the individual ambivalent toward change. there is a large and growing literature on tailored print health behavior change interventions, it is currently not known if or to what extent tailoring works., of 57 studies demonstrated greater effects in programs that are tailored on each of the transtheoretical model constructs.

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